Wigs are commonly worn for convenience, cosmetic, or prosthetic reasons. People can wear wigs to disguise hair lost due to natural baldness or illness. Wigs can be worn to transform your appearance such as for a longer hairstyle. Many people choose to wear a wig to avoid time and cost required to maintain their hair. It can be frustrating having to find an appropriate hairdresser and to travel for hair care. Short bob wigs have become incredibly popular. Wigs have been worn for thousands of years. They have been made through different methods. This post covers the history of wigs and how they are made to this day.

History of Wigs

According to an ivory carving found in south-west France, it is believed that women have worn wigs as long as hundreds of thousands of years ago. Moreover, wigs were also very popular in Ancient Egypt where many Egyptians used to shave their head or cut their hair short in order to wear a wig. It helped keep their head clean and was comfortable. The wealthy Egyptians wore wigs that were made from human hair, palm-leaf fiver, and wool. The British Museum also has a beautiful wig which had been made three thousand years ago in Thebes. It consists of many tiny curls.

Ancient Greece had a thing for wigs as well. They were used in personal life and at the theatre. Imperial Rome is another place where wigs used to be fashionable. The wigs were made from Germanic captive’s heads. Even Caesar wore a wig to hide away his baldness. The same goes for Nero and Hannibal.

Wigs were introduced to England in the twelfth century in during Stephen’s reign. Women wore wigs until the sixteenth century. During that time, Italian wigs were very popular. They were made of silk thread or hair. Louis XIII of France used to wear a wig as well to hide away his baldness and to appear taller. After the shortage of hair during the Great Plague, the shortage of hair was met by the use of wool and the hair of horses or goats. Wigs have always been in fashion to this day.

Raw Materials

Jute fiber was used in the early twentieth century as imitation hair for theatrical wigs. Yak hair is used these days for theatrical wigs as well as ox hair as it can be easily dyed. Synthetic wigs are very popular today due to various reasons. For starters, synthetic wigs are comparatively cheap unlike human hair wigs. There have been many improvements in recent years which have led to synthetic hair looking more natural than ever before. Besides, synthetic wigs weigh much less and are easy to style. However, synthetic fibers do not move naturally and easily frizz up. Moreover, synthetic hair tends to be heat sensitive and can be damaged easily. Thus, human hair wigs remain popular.

Wigmakers in the United States import a lot of their hair. The prime source for hair is Italy as it has desirable textures, colors, and characteristics. Other popular countries that provide hair are Japan, China, India, Germany, France, and Spain. Many women around the world regularly sell and grow their hair to local hair merchants. Once the hair is cut, it undergoes treatment in order to strip away the outer cuticle layer. This makes the hair easy to manage. Wigmakers pay a good amount of money for virgin hair that has never been penned or dyed. There are many manufacturers that blend human hair with synthetic fiber to make wigs. Thus, the wigs offer natural movement and synthetic hair. But, this makes it difficult to maintain as there are different types of hair that are available and require a different kind of care.

The Wig Making Process

The human-hair wig is made using different processes. It can take anywhere from 4-8 weeks to make a custom-fitted wig which would cost you about $2,000-$4,000. The below steps are involved in

  • The first step requires one to ensure that individual hairs are placed in a similar direction. This can be done through holding a few hairs in one hand and rubbing on the ends of the between your thumb and finger.
  • Short hairs that are less than 7.5 cm long will be separated through hackling. After this, the usable hairs get tied into a bundle that is of a convenient size. The bundle is tied using fine strong to hold onto the hair securely. However, it should be loose enough for the strings to be shifted as the hair is washed.
  • The hair gets meticulously inspected for any nits. If any of these are found, they would be removed through boiling of the hair in a type of acetic acid solution.
  • Each hair bundle is thoroughly and gently hand washed in hot-soap water which consists of disinfectants. Then, the hair is rinsed a few times in clean water. After this, the bundles will be squeezed with the help of a towel and left in open air to dry or can be placed in an oven.
  • The bundles of dry and clean hair will then be hackled in order to straighten them. Then, they will pass through drawing brushes. This allows the wigmaker to sort out bunches that are of equal length that get tied at the end of the root.
  • If required, the hair can also be permanently waved or curled. Hair would be boiled in the water after it is wound onto curlers for about 15-60 minutes. It will be later dried for 24 hours or more in a warm oven.
  • The hair will be blended in together to offer a natural look.
  • The pattern will be prepared next.
  • A foundation will be made.
  • The hair will be knotted together.
  • Finally, once the wig has been completed, the hair will be styled.


Wigs are in great demand. They allow you to change the way you look in an instant. All you have to do is put on the wig. A wig is the perfect way to transform your appearance.