Anyone interested in creating a safe connection between the internet and computers knows what is RDP and VPN. The majority of forums that advise visitors about safe internet browsing recommend the use of an RDP or VPN for communicating with remote servers and websites in order to maintain complete anonymity when browsing the internet. At first, one might find such advice to be rather too complicated for an average internet user and might be mistaken into thinking that it is something that only computer network professionals can understand. However, this could only be further from the truth. Even a beginner internet user can easily configure an RDP or VPN connection to establish anonymous access to the internet.

One has to first understand the situations where the ordinary user would have trouble. Normally, ordinary users are not familiar with network administration issues and how to create a secure connection with remote devices. In the past, VPN was mostly used by huge corporations that employed remote staff and provided them with remote access to the corporate server so as to work with the company like any other employee. It provided them with access to the documents available in the company’s computers. It was only later that this feature was adopted to help ordinary computer users that required a method for establishing anonymity online and to securely access the web resources.

So What Is An RDP?

Now that you have an idea of the background of RDP, it is important that you understand just what it is. RDP stands for remote desktop protocol. It is a secure network communication protocol which has been exclusively designed for effective remote management. It also provides remote access to virtual applications, desktops, as well as an RDP terminal server.

When network administrators use RDP, it allows them to remotely resolve problems through proper diagnosis. Most versions of the Windows operating system enable you to take advantage of RDP. Apple Mac OS also provides the option of RDP. Moreover, there is also an open source version that is available or for better capabilities, you can also consider to buy RDP.

So How Does It Work?

Using RDP for remote access is not as hard as one might think. There are three easy steps to establish anonymous connection to the server in order to access web resources. The first thing that one needs to use is a SOCKS proxy for IP spoofing. It will help change the real IP of your device and hide it. Thus, you will get to use a proxy. In order to establish a connection to the SOCKS proxy, it has to be configured on your dedicated remote server. You will then be able to use another proxy for hiding your internet activity from the internet service provider. Secondly, a secured connection with the dedicated server has to be created using RDP and VPN.

The thing about RDP protocol is the fact that it has been exclusively designed for providing access through the port 3389. Data which is to be transmitted is actually packaged by the RDP-enabled service or application. Hence, the Microsoft Communications Service is able to effectively direct the data to the RDP channel. It is from here that the operating system is able to encrypt the RDP data. It adds a frame to it in order for it to be transmitted.  All RDP protocol activity is handled by the Terminal Server Device Redirector Driver.

The Terminal Server Device Redirector Driver is made from subcomponents of the RDP driver which handles framing, compression, encryption, transfers, and the user interface in general. It is the transport driver which is responsible for the packaging of the protocol. It does this in such a way that enables it to be sent across to an IP/TCP network.


In the past, there have been certain security issues that have been presented by the protocol. However, it is because of the fact that the earlier versions used to contain a vulnerability which had allowed the RDP session to come under man-in-middle attack. It provided the attacker with unauthorized access.

How Can RDP Address Your Security Concerns?

When browsing the internet, security concerns are at the top your mind. However, you should keep in mind that the latest versions of RDP tend to have far superior quality and are much more secure. Besides, the latest Windows operating systems have a mechanism that specifies which users have access to the system using the RDP session. Moreover, you are also provided with the option to prevent just about anyone from accessing your system remotely unless they have used network-level authentication to do so. Generally, it is recommended that end users and administrators alike only make use of RDP in case it is in fact a necessity. It should be run with the lowest level of privilege.

Functions & Features

When it comes to RDP, there are many functions and features that you should know about in order to take complete advantage of the service. Some of the most noteworthy functions of RDP include resource sharing, bandwidth reduction, smart card authentication, and encryption. Moreover, RDP provides you with the ability to disconnect temporarily without having to log off or to use multiple displays.

RDP even enables the redirection of certain functions like printing and audio. When it comes to data transmission, RDP has the capability to support about 64,000 independent channels. 128-bit keys are used for data encryption. Furthermore, the data transfer rate can be optimized using the bandwidth reduction feature for low-speed connections. Some of the key RDP functions include negotiation capabilities, transfer of data between servers and clients, and the initialization of the connection. The following services are provided support by RDP.

  • File redirection, port, printer, and audio.
  • Clipboard sharing between a local client and a remote server.
  • A remote desktop connection should be used for running remote desktop applications on the client machines.
  • There are many other services that are provided support.