The toadstool – Poisonous mushroom – lucky mushroom?

All children know the toadstool with its bright red hat and the white dots. The toadstool is considered a lucky symbol, although it is poisonous.

Fly mushroom, from the Latin amanita muscaria for sale, the genus corpse caps. Among the almost 0 different species known from Austria is the deadly poison mushroom, but also one of the best edible mushrooms, the Kaiserling. The toadstool is a widespread mushroom that occurs in forests throughout the northern hemisphere.

A much rarer guest in the local forests is the brown-headed mushroom (Amanita regalis). It is listed as endangered on the current red list of mushrooms in Austria. Only the fruiting bodies of mushrooms fly agaric for sale are colloquially referred to as straw mushrooms, sponge mushrooms or straw mushrooms. Striking toads are only the visible part of a living being that lives in the forest floor like a network of the finest cell fibers. The striking white spots on the bright red hat of the hummingbird are remnants of a protective layer that protects the young mushroom when growing. This so-called velum also forms a white ring on the fungus body. In young mushrooms, the end ring protects the fungal layer on the underside of the hat, in which the fungal spores that are used for reproduction form. Several fine slats on the underside of the cap enlarge the surface, so that exceptionally high spore numbers can be generated in the smallest space. Poison mushrooms A small man standing on foot in the forest Poison mushrooms can always be found in forests or on forest edges because they coexist with trees such as birch and spruce. This symbiosis of plant roots and this network of mushrooms is called mycorrhiza (“mushroots” of Greek mykes = mushrooms and rhiza = roots).

Both the plant and the fungus benefit from this coexistence: the fungus supplies the plant with water and nutrients, and the plant provides the fungus with high-energy carbohydrates (sugars), which it cannot produce itself. Root fungi such as agaric flies cannot survive on their plants without a partner. And without these mushroom symbionts, for example, the high mountains would be much lower, because the short growing season in the mountains makes it difficult for the plants to survive without mushroom partners. It is not clear whether the children’s song with a small man standing on one leg in the forest originally meant a hummingbird or a hip rose. There are also many theories about why mushrooms bring happiness. Some argue that this is due to the intoxicating effect. In any case, the beautiful landscape alone can create joy and happiness in those who can recognize the beauty of nature. Experienced mushroom hunters, however, appreciate Shiitake mushrooms as an aid in the search for edible mushrooms: fly shiitakes, spruce and chanterelle have similar and even common location requirements. The sight of a beautiful mushroom swarm can bring good luck to the mushroom lover. Kill people and flies? Fly mushrooms are also known as mosquito sponges or fly killers.

These names indicate that mycotoxins can harm not only us humans, but also insects. Mushrooms soaked in sweet milk have long been used as fly traps, especially in rural areas. However, the flies did not die from the toxic mushroom, but were simply anesthetized by it. In this state, they easily drown in milk or fall victim to the fly plate. Already in the 19th. Century one of the poisons of the toadstool, Muskarin, was discovered. At that time, researchers incorrectly attributed the toxicity of the fungus to the substance. However, muscarin occurs only in very small traces in mushrooms. It was only in the 1950s that ibotenic acid and muscimol were identified as the substances that actually caused the toxic effects of toadstools. Only ibotenic acid is formed by the fungi themselves, while the really effective muscimol amanita muscaria tincture only arises in the stomach of fungi. The toadstool played an important role as a intoxicant, especially in northern Eurasia and America. The ethnographer Wasson did not confirm that the divine potion Soma, which is described in Sanskrit texts over 3,000 years old, was a fly pill.

The perception-expanding effect of the toadstool is also used by Siberian shamans. Even the urine of addicts is intoxicated because the muscimol produced by the body has accumulated there. Self-experiments are not recommended here. Although there are no known cases of fatal poisoning from the fungus, people with severe symptoms of poisoning such as stomach pain, vomiting and fighting buy it.

In addition, there are not always happy feelings or hoped-for beautiful scenes, “horror rides” with anger, violent fears and depression are also recorded. Small things often seem huge to addicts, and maybe even Alice’s idea in Wonderland came from poisoning fungus poisoning.

These dried caps are sold for their historical and ethnobotanical interest only and are not for human consumption; they are listed as a poison by the FDA.